Wearable technology is smart electronic gadgets (electronic gadget with microcontrollers) that can be worn on the body as inserts or accessories. Wearable gadgets, for example, activity trackers are the best case of the Internet of Things, since “things, for example, hardware, programming, sensors, and connectivity are effectors that enable items to exchange information (counting information quality through the internet with a manufacturer, operator, and/or other connected devices, without requiring human intervention.
Wearable tech has a variety of uses which grows as the field itself expands. It appears prominently in customer gadgets with the popularization of the smartwatch and movement tracker. Aside from commercial uses, wearable tech is being fused into navigation systems, advanced textiles, and healthcare.
The Internet of Things (IoT) and wearable gadgets are changing and affecting every part of our lives. IoT is spreading its wings across wearable gadgets in all businesses and areas including healthcare, smart machines for home and office, smart energy devices, connected car, Industrial IoT (IIoT), transportation and logistics and smart customer gadgets, to give some examples. As enterprises, connected products and utility suppliers have sent cloud arrangements, it is fundamental for these organizations to incorporate and work together with their cloud administrations for the following level of development.
Today’s range of body sensors can already measure an impressive range of parameters:distance, step count, speed. Heart rate, respiration rate, Body temperature, Calories burned, Sleep quality, sleep patterns, Exposure to the sun (UV measurement) and many more. But there is presently no way to measure aspects of blood chemistry or other parameters that can only be measured by sensors that reside inside the body.
If such an ‘in-body’ sensor could be developed then this would open up a completely new paradigm for healthcare.
Medical research would be transformed:
Medical researchers operating in the private and public sectors would have access to a vast database of continually updated non-personal medical data on 100s of millions or even billions of individuals. Researchers would be able to correlate trends in measured parameters with other user data, for instance, age, eating behavior, location, socio-economic status etc.
Average life expectancy would increase:
The ability to ‘listen’ for the warning signs of serious illnesses or diseases would mean that the average lifespan would be increased. GDP would increase:If the average lifespan on the workforce was increased by, say, 5 years then this would imply a substantial increase in overall economic activity;
Insurance costs would fall:
If insurers could gain access to more accurate data then they would be better able to price policies for the needs of individual users. There are, however, obvious issues here including whether someone who had a genetic condition could gain access to affordable healthcare. Government intervention might be required in such situations;
Healthcare costs would be reduced:
Because the treatment costs for a disease that is identified at an early stage are typically lower than if the disease is identified at a later stage we would expect total healthcare costs to fall;
The accuracy of medical diagnoses would be improved:
Medical practitioners would have access to a patient’s ‘bio history’ which would help identify the cause of a patient’s symptoms. Different sensors could perhaps be developed for different users at different age bands – sensors for nutritional analysis, sensors for specific diseases and general purpose sensors.
These devices might contain a mixture of semiconductor electronics and organic electronics and a wireless connection would allow data to be transferred to a device which would reside outside the body, for instance, a smartphone. The sensor could be recharged using a wireless charging system with the charger unit residing beside the wearer’s bed or even integrated into the mattress.
As to how the sensor would be inserted into the body, this could be by means of a small operation.
This use case would combine an in-body sensor that could measure key nutritional parameters about the user (above) with a cloud-based service that could analyze those parameters to provide feedback to the user about what they should be eating. If it were possible for an in-body sensor to send a semi-real time report into the cloud about the user’s diet – because it could measure those key parameters directly – then the user could choose to make this data available to a third-party service provider for analysis.
Police and Security
It is interesting to think what might become possible if smart glasses are combined with police databases and facial recognition software view. The smart glasses could take a picture of that person and send it to a cloud-based police service where facial recognition technology would match the picture with an entry in a police database. The police officer might not know whom he was talking to but this technology would be able to alert the officer if the person was a suspect in an in the ongoing case, had a criminal record or, hopefully in most cases, had no police history at all. Thinking a stage further ahead, then we can foresee the facial recognition camera technology that is already installed at most security gates at airports being integrated into smart glasses so that a police officer walking down a crowded street would automatically be alerted to the presence of a suspect walking towards him.
One of the main problems that individuals encounter when embarking on a personal fitness program is a lack of knowledge to train efficiently – rather than just train.
If a fitness tracking system were to be combined with a wireless earbud system and a cloud-based ‘personal trainer’ service then this problem could be addressed.
Having set up an online account and uploaded a week’s data the service would have a fairly detailed understanding of the user’s current fitness. This understanding could be enhanced by the user inserting their wireless earbud to receive requests such as ‘perform 10 press ups’ and then ‘perform 10 squats’ etc. The results of this exercise could be used by the service to fine-tune its understanding of the user’s current fitness level. Next, having chosen their desired fitness objective, the service could provide encouragement and advice to the user during each workout. When combined with a voice recognition system then this could become a complete AIU-based two-way personal training system.
Arranging a Meeting
Consider how wearable technology in the form of an advanced smartwatch could transform the common, but oftentimes rather tedious process of arranging a work meeting:
Wearables in industry
Healthcare has been the prime field for wearables and other Internet of Things (IoT) advances, including remote monitoring and patient tracking. In any case, wearables presently have more innovative applications in healing facility settings. For instance, hygiene wearables can be worn by experts to identify neatness and remind them to wash their hands as they draw near to a patient’s bed.
In modern parts, such as mining, oil, gas, assembling, and transport, wearables can be utilized to enhance specialist security. A fatigue observing arrangement, for instance, can recognize truck drivers who fall asleep at the time and advise managers. For mineworkers, wearables can gather information about air quality and the miner’s health, and other features that can lessen dangers for specialists and expenses for bosses.
Wearables of tomorrow
By looking forward, wearables will turn into a key contributor to progressing IoT innovations. IDC predicts wearables will “assume an imperative part in the development of increased reality innovation.” Technical organizations will likewise need to consider how wearable tech can be utilized to manage with a gathering of IoT gadgets and frameworks. As organizations, homes, and automobiles progress toward becoming mixed with smart gadgets, there will be a developing need to effectively deal with each of these in a planned, integral manner.
Cell phones and the internet are the unmistakable decisions today, be that as it may, tech organizations and engineers might need to consider more creative applications utilizing the smartwatch or other smart wearables.
There are dangers with collecting and sharing individual biometric and healthcare information, which will require an intelligent platform that can distinguish, select, track and analyze information real-time.
As healthcare suppliers are always trying to expand their contributions, it is correct to state that both IoT and wearables will turn into a major piece of the medicinal services industry. Be that as it may, associations that create mHealth applications should intend to take after industry measures amid the conceptualization stages itself.